NEWFOUNDLAND WOLF

CANIS LUPUS BEOTHUCUS

The Newfoundland wolf (Canis lupus beothucus) is an extinct subspecies of the grey wolf (Canis lupus). This canid was officially declared extinct in 1930. The Newfoundland wolf was described in 1937 by zoologists Glover Morrill Allen and Thomas Barbour. Its scientific name Canis lupus beothucus comes from the Beothuck, an ancient native tribe of Newfoundland.

  • Common name: Newfoundland wolf
  • Scientific name: Canis Lupus Beothucus
  • Specie: Gray wolf
  • Type: Mammals
  • Diet: Carnivore
  • Average size: 5,4 feet 
  • Average Weight: 99 lbs
  • Status: Extinct

canis lupus beothucus

IS THE NEWFOUNDLAND WOLF EXTINCT?

Although hunting, trapping, and predator control methods used on the island were used to eradicate the Newfoundland wolf, it is suspected that it was instead driven to extinction by a sudden food shortage that occurred in the early 1900s when the Newfoundland caribou population dropped drastically from 120,000 to less than 5,000 animals. The last wild wolf on the island was slaughtered in 1911. However, it was not officially declared extinct until 1930.


When European settlers arrived at the island of Newfoundland, it was not long before they saw the wolf as a cattle killer. In 1839, the colonial government introduced a bounty of 5 pounds per wolf killed in the same way they did a few years later with the Florida black wolf. Hunting, trapping and other methods of predator control quickly reduced the wolf population on the island. This, combined with a decline in the caribou population were the most likely causes of the wolf's extinction.

NEWFOUNDLAND WOLF DESCRIPTION

The Newfoundland wolf was a medium-sized wolf. It was about 5,4 feet (1.65 m) long from snout to tip of tail and weighed about 99 lbs (45 kg). It was generally white with a black band at the bottom of its back.🐺

 

NEWFOUNDLAND WOLF HABITAT

He lived on the island of Newfoundland off the east coast of Canada. Recent studies have suggested that the first wolves arrived at the island during the last ice age.❄️

 

NEWFOUNDLAND WOLF DIET

The diet of the Newfoundland wolf consisted mainly of caribou. It also ate beavers, voles and other rodents.🐀

wolf tooth necklaces

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